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American Philosophical Society (APS)

The American Philosophical Society is a discussion group founded in 1743 by Benjamin Franklin as an offshoot of his earlier club, the Junto. Through research grants, published journals, the upkeep of an extensive library, and regular meetings, the society continues to advance careful study in a wide variety of disciplines in the humanities and the sciences.

Current Members

  • Owen Gingerich

  • Robert Kirshner

  • Irwin Shapiro

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