The Dust and Gas in Protoplanetary Disks
Astronomers Find Potentially Volcano-Covered Earth-Size World
Alien Planet Found Spiraling to its Doom around an Aging Star
It's a Planet: New Evidence of Baby Planet in the Making
Astronomers Detect Carbon Dioxide on Planet for the First Time with JWST
Case Solved: Missing Carbon Monoxide was Hiding in the Ice
Incoming Postdoc Awarded 51 Pegasi B Fellowship
Telescope to Help Tell the Story of the Universe
Exoplanets in Debris Disks
Astronomers May Have Discovered the First Planet Outside of Our Galaxy
The Orbital Flatness of Planetary Systems
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From Molecular Cores to Planet Forming Disks (c2d)
Since the 1990s, astronomers have identified thousands of exoplanets, indicating that the Milky Way alone could be host to hundreds of billions of planets. However, we are still learning how these planets formed in the first place, crucial information in understanding the variety of systems researchers have cataloged. To fill in those gaps, astronomers from the Center for Astrophysics | Harvard & Smithsonian collaborated with others from around the world on the project named “From Molecular Cores to Planet Forming Disks” (c2d). This program used NASA’s Spitzer Infrared Space Telescope to observe star-forming systems and the protoplanetary disks where future planets are born. The c2d program ended its observational phase in the mid-2000s, but maintains a catalog of these systems that continues to be used by astronomers studying star formation.